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It is very important for the National Fund of the Republic of Austria for Victims of National Socialism to encourage society to come to terms with the events and consequences of the years of National Socialist rule in Austria. By recording life stories, the years 1938 to 1945 in Austria are documented from the victims' perspective. more... Life Stories - Autobiographical Recollections
Felice Mathur Felice Mathur was born in 1920 in Vienna. Her father was Jewish. In 1939 she left Austria for Great Britain. Her father and her younger sister Grete perished in the Holocaust. Her mother died from cancer during the war. Today Mrs. Mathur lives in India. The following text is a letter written by Felice Mathur to the National Fund. more... The luckier one
Adolf Papai Adolf Papai was born on 28th June 1931 in Langental in central Burgenland, where around 350 Roma lived in great poverty. Less than one third of them survived the National Socialist era. Together with many other Roma from Langental, Mr. Papai's father was deported to Buchenwald and murdered. Mr. Papai himself and his mother and siblings were put in the Lackenbach camp. more... If it had lasted another year, there would have been none of us left
Bartholomäus O. The Carinthian Slovene Bartholomäus O. was born in 1936, the fifth of eight children. His parents owned a small farm. His father also had to work as a forestry worker to supplement their income. more... I was so terrified, I couldn't speak
Kurt Flussmann Kurt Flussmann was born on 19th January 1923 in Vienna. In January 1939, he arrived in Great Britain on a Kindertransport. In 1940, he was deported from Britain to Australia as an "enemy alien". more... Stations of my life
Ingeborg R. Ingeborg R. was born in Vienna in 1932, the child of a Catholic mother and a Jewish father. Although Ingeborg R.'s mother divorced her husband in 1935, she continued to live with him. more... For we were asocials
Peter and George Ehrenhaft In September and October 2009 Frank Gregorsky, a professional preparer of oral histories, recorded interviews with Peter and George Ehrenhaft on the history of their family. Selected excerpts of these interviews are presented here. The complete interviews are preserved at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, in oral recorded form, and selected portions are available in print form. more... Transcript of the Oral History of the Ehrenhaft Family
Lydia Pais Rey Lydia Pais Rey was born in Vienna on 29th October 1934. At the age of four she and the whole family had to leave everything behind. more... ... the Germans were following us ...
Henry Steiner Henry Steiner was born on 13th February, 1934 in Baden bei Wien. His father Max was a dentist and his mother Lillie a dressmaker. They managed to escape to the USA in 1939. Today Mr. Steiner lives in Hong Kong. more... A life-long sense of alienation
Peter Fleischl Peter Fleischl was born in August 1926 in Vienna. In August 1938 he fled with his mother and his adoptive father first to Italy and then to Switzerland, where they could obtain an immigrant visa for New Zealand, where Dr. Fleischl still lives today. more... Peter Berdach, later known as Peter Fleischl
Hermine Liska Hermine Liska was born on 12th April 1930 in Carinthia as the youngest of five children. Until 1938, she had a carefree life on a farm with her four brothers and her parents. The family were Jehovah's Witnesses and soon after the "Anschluss" they came under increasing pressure as a result of their religious convictions. more... When they took me away it was terrible
Mark Abramowicz Some time after the "Anschluss", between May and September of 1938, three or four young men in uniform (I think I remember seeing them standing in the doorway, even though I was only three years old) came to our apartment and told us we would have to leave it, because a Nazi doctor was taking over the apartment and my father's practice. more... You know, these are difficult times ...
Ladislaus Gelb Shortly before Ladislaus Gelb died he was interviewed by some individuals who were interested in his life story. The result is a wonderful story written by Jonathan Soles and Ruth-Ellen Soles (Toronto, Canada). more... The Life and Times of Leslie Gelb
Koloman Baranyai Koloman Baranyai was born on 31st March 1941 in Katzelsdorf/Niederösterreich. His family belonged to the Roma community. more... Today they are taking the Roma away …
Johann Kežar Johann Kežar was a member of the Carinthian Slovene Community and was born on 23rd September 1928 in Horzach/Horce, Carinthia. more... Our area was called "bandit-land"
Alfred Traum Alfred Traum who had to leave Vienna at the age of ten on a Kindertransport, describes in his essays some memories of his childhood - the last Sabbath meal before leaving, his interest in the neighbour's gasmask, the farewell and the return as a tank commander with the Royal Scots Greys. more... Three Essays
Alfred Traum Alfred Traum was born in March 1929 in Vienna into a traditional Jewish family. On June 20, 1939, ten year old Freddie had to leave for England with his older sister on a "Kindertransport". They lived with a Christian family during the first years in exile. more... Our livelihood was taken from us
Kurt Püringer Kurt Püringer was born on 13th January 1924 in Vienna. He attended grammar school there, before being called up to the Reich Labor Service and to the German Armed Forces. more... … sentenced to death
Ilse Nusbaum Ilse Nusbaum was born in Austria in 1933. She lived with her parents and her grandmother in Eisenstadt and had to leave Austria after the "Anschluss". more... My father's dissertation
Maria M. Maria M.'s mother Stefanie S. was murdered in 1940, aged 26, in a Wels hospital. As she suffered from epilepsy, during National Socialism she was deemed "mentally disabled", unworthy of inheriting" and "inferior". more... No one can replace a mother
November Pogrom 1938